YH: 1-28-13 Guidelines for children with type 2 diabetes

There are now new guidelines for managing type 2 diabetes in children.

The American Academy of Pediatrics has issued guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes in children and teenagers aged 10 to 18.

This is due largely to the rise in overweight and obesity in children and adolescents.

Experts say as many as one in three children is diagnosed with diabetes has type 2.

Therefore experts say that makes it important for general pediatricians, as well as endocrinologists to have structured guidelines to follow.

University of Florida, Gainesville researchers, including pediatric endocrinologists say the first new guideline is to start a child or teen on insulin, if it's unclear whether a child has type 1 or type 2 diabetes.

Other included guidelines are: prescribe metformin and lifestyle changes, including nutrition and physical activity, upon the type 2 diabetes diagnosis; monitor hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels every three months;{} home monitoring of blood glucose is appropriate for those using insulin, anyone changing their treatment regimen, those who aren't meeting their treatment goals and during times of illness.

The new guidelines appear in the latest online of Pediatrics.